辽宁快乐12

控烟履约路 责任显担当


公元1600年左右,中国福建的水手从菲律宾把烟草传入中国,中国烟草产业从此开始兴起和发展,一场吸烟和反吸烟的博弈也逐渐拉开了帷幕。
  

CHANGYANGZAISHIGUANGDEHELIU,HUIGUZHONGGUOYANCAODEFAZHANLICHENG,YIBUYANCAOFAZHANSHI,JIUSHIYIBUYANCAOKONGZHISHI。ZAIGUOQUJIBAINIANZHONG,YOUYUYANCAODEZIRANHEJINGJITEDIAN,YANCAOKONGZHIBANSUIZHEQIFAZHANDEQUANGUOCHENG,BUTONGDELISHISHIQI,WOGUOCENGCAIQUGUOBUTONGDEYANCAOKONGZHIZHENGCE。

YOUQIDAOLEERSHIYISHIJI,ZHONGGUOPIZHUNLEDIYIGEZHENDUIYANCAODESHIJIEFANWEIDUOBIANXIEYI——《YANCAOKONGZHIKUANGJIAGONGYUE》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《GONGYUE》),DUIYANCAOCHANYEDEGUANZHIYUJIAYANGE,BINGJINYIBUYUSHIJIEJIEGUI,XIANKAILEZHONGGUOYANCAOKONGZHIDEXINPIANZHANG。

WEIGENGHAODITUIDONGWOGUOKONGYANLVYUEGONGZUO,YOUGONGYEHEXINXIHUABU、WEISHENGBUDENGBABUMENLIANHEZHIDINGDE《ZHONGGUOYANCAOKONGZHIGUIHUA(2012-2015NIAN)》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIHUA》)YU2012NIANZHENGSHIDUIWAIGONGBU。ZHEIFEN《GUIHUA》,SHIXINSHIQIQUANMIANTUIJINWOGUOYANCAOKONGZHIGONGZUODEXINGDONGGANGLING,WEIZHONGGUOKONGYANGONGZUODEJIANKANGKAIZHANZHIMINGLELUJINGYUFANGXIANG。

辽宁快乐12ZI《GONGYUE》2006NIAN1YUEZAIZHONGGUOZHENGSHISHENGXIAOYILAI,ZHIJINYIYOU10NIAN。WOGUOZHIDINGDEGUANYUYANCAOKONGZHIDEDIYIFEN《GUIHUA》YEYISHOUGUAN。SHINIANLVYUE,SANNIAN《GUIHUA》,GUOJIA、SHEHUI、XINGYESHIZHONGYIJIJIFUZEDETAIDU,TUIJINYANCAOKONGZHI、JIANSHAOYANCAOWEIHAI、BAOHUGONGZHONGJIANKANG,KAIZHANLEZHUOYOUCHENGXIAODEKONGYANLVYUEGONGZUO。ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,JILEILEBAOGUIDEJINGYAN,ZHANGXIANLEYIGEYANCAODAGUO、YIGEXINGYEDEZERENYUDANDANG。

政府主导 依法控烟

辽宁快乐12HEXUDUOGUOJIAYIYANG,WEILEXIANZHIYANCAO,WOGUOCAIQUYUJINYUZHENGDEZHONGSHUIZHENGCE,BINGTONGGUOSHIXINGGUOJIAYANCAOZHUANMAIZHIDU,KONGZHIYANCAOFAZHAN。SHISHIZHENGMING,YANCAOZHUANMAIZHIDUBENSHENJIUSHIYIXIANGZUIYOULIDEKONGYANCUOSHI,KEYIFANGZHIYANCAOCHANYEMANGMUFAZHAN,QIESHIWEIHUGUOJIALIYIHEXIAOFEIZHELIYI。

《GONGYUE》HE《YANCAOZHUANMAIFA》DOUSHIWOGUOJIAQIANGYANCAOKONGZHIDEFALVYIJU,DANYOUYU《GONGYUE》TIAOKUANZHUYAOSHIYIXIEYUANZEXING、KUANGJIAXINGGUIDING,ZAIJUTISHIJIANZHONG,XUYAOTONGGUO《YANCAOZHUANMAIFA》JIQITAXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI,CAINENGBA《GONGYUE》TICHUDEMUBIAOHECUOSHILUOSHI。

PIZHUN《GONGYUE》HOU,ZAI“YANCAOKONGZHIKUANGJIAGONGYUELVYUEGONGZUOBUJIXIEDIAOLINGDAOXIAOZU”DEZHIYINXIA,WOGUOBUDUANWANSHANFALVFAGUI,JIANQUANZHENGCETIXI,LVYUEGONGZUOMAICHULESHIZHIXINGBUFA。LVYUEZHILUZUODAOYOUFAKEYI、YIFAKONGYAN。

2015NIANSHIJINXIENIANLAIZHONGGUOKONGYANLVYUECHUTAIZHENGCEJUCUOZUIDUO、CUOSHIZUIYANLI、HUANJINGBIANHUAZUIXIANZHUDEYINIAN。

“JINZHIZAIDAZHONGCHUANBOMEIJIEHUOZHEGONGGONGCHANGSUO、GONGGONGJIAOTONGGONGJU、HUWAIFABUYANCAOGUANGGAO。JINZHIXIANGWEICHENGNIANRENFASONGRENHEXINGSHIDEYANCAOGUANGGAO。”ZHEISHI2015NIANXINXIUDINGDE《GUANGGAOFA》ZHONGJICHUDEGUIDING。 

辽宁快乐12 FANWEIGENGGUANG、XIANZHIGENGYAN、JIEDINGGENGMINGQUE,CICI《GUANGGAOFA》DEXIUDINGWUYIJINYIBUKUODAHEQIANGHUALEDUIYUYANCAOGUANGGAODE“GUANGFANJINZHI”。ZHEIYIJUDONGYEBEISHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHIRENWEISHI“ZHENGFUWEIBAOHUGONGZHONGMIANSHOUYANCAOSHIYONGCHENGYINZHIWEIHAISUOCAIQUDEZUIJUCHENGBENXIAOYIXINGDECUOSHIZHIYI”。

有着“史上最严”控烟令之称的《北京市控制吸烟条例》,自去年6月1日实施以来,就引发社会广泛关注和热议。该条例规定,公共场所、工作场所的室内区域以及公共交通工具内禁止吸烟。违者将被处以个人最高200元、单位最高10000元的罚款。 
  
辽宁快乐12  北京控烟条例实施已经一周年,控烟效果已初显。据中国控烟协会调查显示,北京公共场所无烟环境明显好转。截至2015年11月底,北京市公共场所吸烟人数比例由11.3%下降到3.8%,共有217家单位和98人因违规吸烟受到处罚,累计罚款57万余元。

YOUYUBEIJINGSHIZAIKONGYANFANGMIANSUOZUODENULIHEQUDEDECHENGXIAO,SHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHISHOUYUBEIJINGSHIZHENGFU“SHIJIEWUYANRIJIANG”,BEIJINGZUIYANKONGYANXINGDONGRUXUANYOUJIANKANGSHIBAOSHEFAQIPINGXUANDE2015NIANSHIDAJIANKANGXINWEN。

QISHI,CHULEBEIJING,JIEZHI2015NIANNIANDI,QUANGUOGONGYOU18GECHENGSHIZAI《GONGYUE》SHENGXIAOHOUZHIDINGSHISHILEKONGYANXIANGGUANLIFA,DUISHINEIGONGGONGCHANGSUOJINZHIXIYANZUOCHULEGUIDING。QUANGUODUOGESHENGFENHAIDAITOUZAIQUANSHENGDANGZHENGJIGUANCHUANGJIAN“WUYANZHENGFU”。GEJILINGDAOGANBUJIAQIANGZILV,ZAIZHEICHANGGONGGONGCHANGSUOJINZHIXIYAN“YUNDONG”ZHONG,FAHUILEYINDAOZUOYONG。GUOJIAJUJIGUANZUIXIANCHENGWEIWUYANBANGONGLOU,YISHIJIXINGDONGRENZHENLUOSHIGONGGONGCHANGSUOJINZHIXIYANDEGEXIANGGUIDING。

“JIADAJINGYUZITI、ZENGQIANGJINGYUQUNEIWENZIYUJINGYUQUBEIJINGSECHAZHI”,ZAI2015NIAN12YUECHUTAIDE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJINGNEIJUANYANBAOZHUANGBIAOSHIDEGUIDING》ZHONG,DUIJUANYANBAOZHUANGBIAOSHIJINGSHIYUJINXINGLEGENGXIN、GENGXI、GENGYANDEGUIDING。ZAI《CISHANFA》《HULIANWANGGUANGGAOJIANDUGUANLIZANXINGBANFA》(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)ZHONG,YEDUIYANCAOXINGYESHEJIDENEIRONGZUOCHULEXIANGGUANYAOQIU。ZAIWOGUOZHENGFUDEZHUDAOTUIDONGXIA,YIXILIEYUKONGYANLVYUEXIANGGUANDEFALVFAGUIXIANGJICHUTAI,TAMENCHENGWEILEKONGYANGONGZUOYOULIDEFALVYIJUHEXINGZHENGBAOZHANG。

烟草履约 责无旁贷

辽宁快乐12WULUNSHI“NULITISHENGKONGYANLVYUEXINGXIANG”,HAISHI“JIANCHIYANCAOKONGZHIZUOJIANFA”,DOUTIXIANLEGUOJIAJUDUIYUKONGYANLVYUEGONGZUODEMINGQUELICHANG:XIYANYOUHAIJIANKANG,KONGYANSHIZAIBIXING,LVYUESHIYIWU,GENGSHIZEREN。

DUONIANLAI,WOGUOYANCAOXINGYERENZHENLVXING《GONGYUE》DI15TIAO“YANCAOZHIPINFEIFAMAOYI”XIANGGUANYAOQIU,CHIXUBAOCHIDAJIYANCAOZHIPINFEIFAMAOYIGAOYATAISHI。CHONGFENFAHUIYUGONGAN、HAIGUAN、GONGSHANGDENGBUMENLIANHEDAJIADASIGONGZUOJIZHIZUOYONG,BUSHUKAIZHANZHUANXIANGZHENGZHI“BAIRIXINGDONG”,JIANJUEEZHIJIAYANHEZOUSIYANFANDANSHITOU。

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我国这些打击非法烟草贸易方面的做法、成效和经验,得到了世界卫生组织的认可。世界卫生组织首个议定书《消除烟草制品非法贸易议定书》就吸收了中国烟草专卖制度中的有关规定和实践。
  
辽宁快乐12  控烟,很大程度上是为了降低烟草制品对于人类健康的危害。在中式卷烟概念提出的时候,就把降焦减害作为四大战略课题之一,后来又将卷烟减害列为行业重大专项。多年来,行业大力推进技术创新,积极研究开发卷烟减害技术,努力实施减害降焦工程。这不仅是一种挑战,更体现了行业对人体健康的重视,对提升产品品质的更高要求。

辽宁快乐12WEISHIXIANJIANGJIAOJIANHAIDEFENDOUMUBIAO,WUSHUYANCAOKEYANZHUANJIAFENGXIANZHIHUI、HUISAHANSHUI。YIXIANGXIANGCHENGGUO、YIGEGESHUJUBIAOZHIZHEWOGUOJIANGJIAOJIANHAIJISHUDERIQUCHENGSHU,YIPIPIDIJIAOYOU、DIWEIHAICHANPINZHENGZAIZOUXIANGGUANGKUOSHICHANG。

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辽宁快乐12DUIYUZHONGGUOYANCAOLAISHUO,2015NIANDEJUANYANTISHUISHUNJIAWUYISHIYIJIANZAIRUZHONGGUOYANCAOFAZHANSHIDEDASHI。JINGGUOWUYUANPIZHUN,ZI2015NIAN5YUE10RIQI,JUANYANPIFAHUANJIECONGJIASHUISHUILVYOU5%TIGAOZHI11%,BINGAN0.005YUAN/ZHIJIAZHENGCONGLIANGSHUI,GUOCHANJUANYANHEJINKOUJUANYANDEPIFAJIAGE、JIANYILINGSHOUJIAGEJINXINGDIAOZHENG,ZHEISHIWOGUOYANCAOXIAOFEISHUIJI1994NIAN、1998NIAN、2001NIAN、2009NIANZHIHOUDEYOUYICIDIAOZHENG。 

辽宁快乐12TONGGUO“TISHUISHUNJIA”BATIGAOSHUISHOUDEXIAOYINGCHUANDAODAOXIAOFEIZHE,CONGERDUIJIANSHAOYANCAOXIAOFEICHANSHENGJIJIYINGXIANG。2015NIAN,QUANGUOJUANYANXIAOLIANGTONGBISHANGNIANJIANSHAO600.5YIZHI,JIANGFUWEI2.36%,YOUXIAODADAOLETONGGUOTIGAOSHUISHOUHEJIAGELAIKONGZHIYANCAODEMUDE。 

辽宁快乐12“JIANGBINIAOYUBAI,SHANQINGHUAYURAN”,ZHEISHIDUFUSHIJULIDEMEIJING,YECHUANDILERENMENDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUOHUANJINGDEXIANGWANG。RANERRUJIN,HUANJINGWURAN、SHENGTAITUIHUAQUECHENGLEBIXUMIANDUIDEMINSHENGWENTI。BAOHUHUANJING,RENRENYOUZE,KEBURONGHUAN。《GONGYUE》DI18TIAOJIUDUIBAOHUHUANJINGJINXINGLEGUIDING:“GEDIYUEFANGTONGYIZAILVXINGBENGONGYUEZHIXIADEYIWUSHI,ZAIBENGUOLINGTUNEIDEYANCAOZHONGZHIHESHENGCHANFANGMIANDUIBAOHUHUANJINGHEYUHUANJINGYOUGUANDERENYUANJIANKANGJIYUYINGYOUDEZHUYI。” 

严格监管农药的使用,推广蚜茧蜂生物防治技术,开展土地轮作,推广有机肥、土壤保育,为做到绿色发展、持续发展,烟草行业已采取了一系列措施,为保护烟田、保护环境作出了应有的贡献,体现了行业控烟履约的责任与担当。
 

立足国情 循序渐进

辽宁快乐122016NIAN5YUE31RISHIDI29GE“SHIJIEWUYANRI”。SUIRANJINNIANDEZHUTISHI“WEIPINGZHUANGZUOHAOZHUNBEI”,RANERKONGYANYULUNDEJIAODIANQUEGENGDUODIJIZHONGZAILE“QUANGUOXINGKONGYANLIFA”,JIUJINGSHIWEIHE?

YUANLAI,《GONGGONGCHANGSUOKONGZHIXIYANTIAOLI》ZHEIYIQUANGUOXINGDEKONGYANLIFA,JIANGYUBENNIANDUCHUTAI。RANER,JUCANYUTIAOLIQICAOTAOLUNDEZHUANJIAJIESHAO,TIAOLICAOANDEZUIXINBANBEN,YIJIANG“QUANMIANJINYAN”XIUGAIWEI“XUANZEXINGJINYAN”,CHUXIANLE“CANTING、JIUBA、KAFEITINGDENGYULECHANGSUOKEYISHEXIYANQU”DENGTIAOKUAN。

一时间,公众对从“全面禁烟”到“选择性禁烟”的变化“褒贬不一”,一些控烟人士甚至发出了国家控烟立法“开倒车”的言论,苛责我国控烟履约工作。这也再一次警示大家,中国的控烟履约正面临着“片面化、绝对化、扩大化”的过激倾向。
  
  当前,烟草控制措施变得日趋严苛,无烟环境的创设力度不断加强,以提高控烟能力为主要特征的控烟呼声不断高涨,针对这些问题,应如何更好地推进我国烟草控制工作,进一步提升烟草行业控烟履约形象? 

辽宁快乐12SHOUXIANBIXUJIANDINGLICHANG,DUIDAIKONGYANBAOCHIYIFA、LIXINGDETAIDU。GUANYUYANCAO,GUOJIADEZONGJIDIAOSHI“KONG”ERBUSHI“JIN”。JINYANYUKONGYAN,SUIRANJINYIZIZHICHA,CHAJUQUEPANRUOYUNNI。 

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辽宁快乐12XIYANYOUSHUBAINIANDELISHI,HAICUNZAIHENDADESHICHANGXUQIU,BURONGYIZAIDUANSHIQINEIWANQUANGAIBIANZHANGQIXINGCHENGDEXIYANXIGUAN,ZHEISHIYANCAOKONGZHIBUKEHUSHIDEKEGUANXIANSHI。 

ZHONGYANGSHENGAIZUBANGONGSHIXIANGGUANLINGDAO,ZAIGUOJIAJUZONGGONGSIDIAOYANDUCHASHIJIUQIANGDIAO,YAOCHONGFENKENDINGYANCAOXINGYEZUOCHUDEJUDAGONGXIAN。YANCAOXINGYESHISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANBIXUYAOQUEBAOWENDINGFAZHANDEXINGYE。

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控烟履约路 责任显担当


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